5 Facts to Understand About Sports Cardiology in Children

Sports cardiology is a branch of sports medicine that focuses on the heart. Most heart problems are found in adults, but there are a number of heart diseases that can harm children, especially athletes. Children who participate in sports put their hearts under more stress than most, which means it is vital for them and their parents to understand the importance of sports cardiology.

It’s Often Preventative

It’s always better to prevent a medical problem than to fix it after the fact. While sports cardiologists do sometimes deal with emergencies, many of them prefer to focus on screening techniques and preventative medicine to stop problems early. They can identify the problems that athletics would aggravate, and either treat them or advise the athlete on how to avoid making them worse.

Big Events Are Common

The cost of a screening an individual generally drops as more people get screened at once. That encourages coaches to arrange screening events so that the entire team can get a checkup at the same time. Some clinics also choose to hold large events on their own initiative, often as part of a partnership with local health authorities.

It’s Part Of The Solution

No medical specialty exists in isolation. Sports cardiology is often applied alongside other medical specialties to create training and treatment plans for athletes. It’s fairly common for the physicians that specialize in cardiology to work directly with the other specialists in a clinic, but some do choose to refer their patients to other specialists as necessary. Regardless of the organizational methods, the combination of specialized skills ensures that no potential problems get overlooked and that every method for improving the patient’s health is considered.

Traditional Diagnoses Happen

While a large part of the field focuses on preventative medicine, sports cardiologists do diagnose problems in response to their patients’ symptoms. Chest pain after exercising is one of the most common complaints, but breathlessness and dizziness are also serious concerns. It’s relatively rare for a heart problem to cause those symptoms in children, but the disease can be disastrous when it does occur, so cardiology remains a vital part of the diagnostic process. Even when heart disease is not at fault, a cardiologist can still rule it out as a cause of the problem. That gives valuable information to other doctors that can help them to find the correct diagnosis.

Exercise Is A Treatment

Many children who suffer from heart problems can benefit from exercise in controlled situations, even though careless exercise can be dangerous for them. A child’s sport cardiologist can use exercise as a treatment tool, and construct the training regimen to ensure that it helps to lessen the problem instead of making it worse.