In the modern era, no mode of transportation is as vital as aviation. Be it for transport of goods or people, planes require a facility for housing and maintenance. Constructing any kind of facility is difficult, but an aviation facility brings added complications. Here are four steps to consider when building an Aviation facility:
1. Maintenance Hangars
Maintenance hangars are vital for the storage and mechanical tuning of the aircraft. These have to be strategically placed for easy access to and from the flight line, so downtime between repair and transport is minimal. Besides safety considerations, the dimensions of the aircraft being maintained is a factor. Building a hangar that can service multiple sizes of aircraft is one possibility, though prudent spending may save money on hangar size if aircraft of uniform dimensions are part of the facility roster. Different hangars can serve specific purpose if desired, some of which are outlined by The Whole Building Design Guide.
The Runway drives lift-off and landing procedures, so its development should be considered carefully. Local weather should be analyzed to determine potential hazards. The size and speed of the planes can greatly alter what types of materials should be used to construct the runway itself, not to mention how this will affect the potential costs.
3. Amount of Traffic
Depending on the scope of the facility and the expected traffic, the facility may need to be bigger or smaller. More planes landing and more goods/people being processed will require more terminals, more hangers, and more storage. The amount of space that this will occupy will affect what is available for other parts of the facility. The amount of traffic will also bring along its own set of hazards. The Federal Aviation Administration offers safety guidance on aviation related procedures, including traffic control.
4. Purpose and Privacy of the Facility
The transport of goods requires a different kind of facility than the transport of people. The accommodations for goods will be primarily in extra storage space, loading and unloading bays, and methods of delivery to and from the facility. Airports for transporting people will require rest areas, processing, security offices and parking lots. The accessibility of these facilities may necessitate more or less security. The fencing or security will adjust the cost of construction and maintenance.
Though the construction of an aviation facility can be more complicated than the construction of other facilities, they’re extremely valuable for both commercial and private interests. A well-designed airport facility can be an excellent long-term investment.